The City of Preston as we know it is a vibrant, cultural and friendly place with plenty of activities, events and a varied night life to keep you entertained. The city is a lively, diverse and contemporary place to live, work or study. The city also has a long and interesting history-
Preston houses an impressive 750 listed buildings including the Grade 1 listed Harris Museum and Art Gallery, Preston Guild Hall, Lancashire Museum and St Walburge Church. Preston grew near the site of a Roman fort that was based at Walton-le-Dale. The fort underwent extensive exploration in the 1950’s and again in the early 80’s and was fully excavated in 1996.
The name Preston originated from “Priests’ Town” indicating the early settlement of religious origin dating back to the Anglo-Saxon period. Preston is recorded in the 1086 Domesday survey as being an important market town and administrative centre.
Preston is no stranger to war, as during the English Civil Wars the town was captured, by Oliver Cromwell and his forces. The last battle of the Jacobite rebellion was fought in Preston, at Market Place, in 1745.
The historic Market Place has been in the same location for over 1000 years. By the 1500s Preston was a major hub for the Northern wool and linen trade. Parts of the medieval street maps and main business districts still exist such as Church Street, Fishergate, and Friargate.
the Industrial Revolution transformed Preston with the introduction of mills, factories, engineering works, housing, canals, and railways. In 1777 the first cotton-spinning mill was built in Moor Lane. By 1835 there were 40 recorded factories. The River Ribble allowed Preston to become a major trading port which led to the development of an 18th-century quay and dock in the 19th century.
Today Preston continues to be the regional capital and hosts Preston Crown Court- the highest court in Lancashire. Preston also features several of the oldest parks in the region, such as Avenham Park and Miller Park. Winckley Square with its open gardens, is a picturesque example of Georgian architecture in the heart of the city centre.
Moving to Preston?
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